Themes | Mining

Themes Mining


The Northumberland and Durham coalfield, The Great Northern Coalfield, was the most productive and innovative in the world in the first half of the 19th century. Indeed, the creation of the modern passenger railway was in many ways a by-product of mining innovation. In 1843 the 192 main collieries employed 25,770 men and boys. Accidents were many, and the region led the way in the development of equipment such as safety lamps. The industry also often sat at the forefront of social reform, the miners’ unions striving to improve conditions for the workforce.


Map of the Newcastle upon Tyne Electric Supply Co Ltd (NESCo) and The County of Durham Electrical Power Distribution Co Ltd electric power distribution network, about 1907

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